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Windows Server 2008 Command Line Tools

Windows Server 2008 provides the user with the option to execute commands from a command-prompt window. This chapter of Windows Server 2008 Essentials is intended to provide an overview of the different commands currently provided in the command-prompt.

Command Line Tools Summary

Command

Description

Arp

Display and modify the IP to physical address translation tables used by the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP).

Assoc

Display and modify file extension associations.

Attrib

Display and change file attributes.

Break

Configure extended Ctrl-C checking.

Bcdedit

Configure properties in name database to control boot loading.

Cacls

Display or modify access control lists of files.

Call

Call a script or script label as a procedure.

CD/Chdir

Display the name of or changes the current directory.

Chcp

Display or set the active code page number.

Chkdsk

Check a disk for errors and display a report.

Chkntfs

Display the status of volumes. Set or exclude volumes from automatic system checking during system boot.

Choice

Create a selection list from which users can select a choice in batch scripts.

Cls

Clear the console window.

Cmd

Start a new instance of the Windows command shell.

Color

Set the colors of the command-shell window.

Comp

Compare the contents of two files or sets of files.

Compact

Display or modify the compression of files or sets of files.

Convert

Convert FAT volumes to NTFS.

Copy

Copy or combine files.

Date

Display or set the system date.

Del

Delete one or more files.

Dir

Display a list of files and subdirectories within a directory.

Diskcomp

Compare the contents of two floppy disks.

Diskcopy

Copy the contents of one floppy disk to another.

Diskpart

Invoke a text-mode command interpreter so that you can manage disks, partitions, and volumes using a separate command prompt and commands that are internal to Diskpart.

Doskey

Edit command lines, recall Windows commands, and create macros.

Driverquery

Display the current device driver properties and status.

Echo

Display messages, or turns command echoing on or off.

Endlocal

End localization of environment changes in a batch file.

Erase

See Del.

Exit

Exit the command interpreter.

Expand

Uncompress files.

FC

Compare two files and display the differences between them.

Find/Findstr

Search for a text string in files.

For

Run a specified command for each file in a set of files.

Format

Format a floppy disk or hard drive.

Fsutil

File system utility - displays and configures file system properties.

Ftp

Transfer files.

Ftype

Display or modify file types used in file extension associations

Goto

Direct the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line in a script.

Gpresult

Display Group Policy information for a machine or user.

Graftabl

Enable Windows to display extended character sets in graphics mode.

Help

Display Help information for Windows commands.

Hostname

Display the computer name.

ICACLS

Display, modify, backup, and restore ACLs for files and directories.

IF

Perform conditional processing in batch programs.

Ipconfig

Display TCP/IP configuration.

Label

Create, change, or delete the volume label of a disk.

Md/Mkdir

Create a directory or subdirectory.

Mklink

Create symbolic and hard links.

Mode

Configure a system device.

More

Display output one screen at a time.

Mountvol

Manage a volume mount point.

Move

Move files from one directory to another directory on the same drive.

Openfiles

Display files opened by remote users for a file share.

Nbtstat

Display status of NetBIOS.

Net Accounts

Manage user account and password policies.

Net Computer

Add or remove computers from a domain.

Net ConfigServer

Display or modify configuration of Server service.

Net Config Workstation

Display or modify configuration of Workstation service.

Net Continue

Resume a paused service.

Net File

Display or manage open files on a server.

Net Group

Display or manage global groups.

Net Localgroup

Display or manage local group accounts.

Net Pause

Suspend a service.

Net Print

Display or manage print jobs and shared queues.

Net Session

List or disconnect sessions.

Net Share

Display or manage shared printers and directories.

Net Start

List or start network services.

Net Statistics

Display workstation and server statistics.

Net Stop

Stop services.

Net Time

Display or synchronize network time.

Net Use

Display or manage remote connections.

Net User

Display or manage local user accounts.

Net View

Display network resources or computers.

Netsh

Invoke a separate command prompt that allows you to manage the configuration of various network services on local and remote computers.

Netstat

Display status of network connections.

Path

Display or set a search path for executable files in the current command window.

Pathping

Trace routes and provides packet loss information.

Pause

Suspend processing of a script and wait for keyboard input.

Ping

Determine if a network connection can be established.

Popd

Change to the directory stored by Pushd.

Print

Print a text file.

Prompt

Change the Windows command prompt.

Pushd

Save the current directory then changes to a new directory.

Rd/Rmdir

Remove a directory.

Recover

Recover readable information from a bad or defective disk.

Reg Add

Add a new subkey or entry to the Registry.

Reg Compare

Compare Registry subkeys or entries.

Reg Copy

Copy a Registry entry to a specified key path on a local or remote system.

Reg Delete

Delete a subkey or entries from the Registry.

Reg Query

List the entries under a key and the names of subkeys (if any).

Reg Restore

Write saved subkeys and entries back to the Registry.

Reg Save

Save a copy of specified subkeys, entries, and values to a file.

Regsvr32

Register and unregister DLLs.

Rem

Add comments to scripts.

Ren

Rename a file.

Replace

Replace a file.

Route

Manage network routing tables.

Rmdir

Remove a directory.

Set

Display or modify Windows environment variables. Also used to evaluate numeric expressions at the command line.

Setlocal

Begin localization of environment changes in a batch file.

Sc

Display and configure background processes (services).

Schtasks

Schedule commands and programs to run on a system.

Sfc

Scans and verifies protected operating system files.

Shift

Shifts the position of replaceable parameters in scripts.

Shutdown

Perform system shutdown.

Sort

Sort input.

Start

Start a new command-shell window to run a specified program or command.

Subst

Maps a path to a drive letter.

Systeminfo

Display machine properties and configuration.

Tasklist

Display currently running tasks and services.

Taskkill

Kill or stop a running process or application.

Time

Display or sets the system time.

Title

Sets the title for the command-shell window.

Tracert

Display the path between computers.

Tree

Graphically displays the directory structure of a drive or path.

Type

Display the contents of a text file.

Ver

Display the Windows version.

Verify

Tells Windows whether to verify that your files are written correctly to a disk.

Vol

Display a disk volume label and serial number.

Xcopy

Copy files and directories.

WMI

Display WMI information.

Windows Server 2008 KB Articles            Windows Server 2003 KB Articles

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