>You installed a new AD domain and the new (and first) DC has not registered its SRV records in DNS. Name a few possible causes.
The machine cannot be configured with DNS client her own .
The DNS service cannot be run.
> Explain PTR Records?
A Pointer Record(PTR) is used to translate an IP address into a domain name.
> What is Dynamic DNS?
Dynamic DNS a method of keeping a domain name linked to a changing IP address as not all computers use static IP addresses. Typically, when a user connects to the Internet, the user's ISP assigns an unused IP address from a pool of IP addresses, and this address is used only for the duration of that specific connection.
This method of dynamically assigning addresses extends the usable pool of available IP addresses. A dynamic DNS service provider uses a special program that runs on the user's computer, contacting the DNS service each time the IP address provided by the ISP changes and subsequently updating the DNS database to reflect the change in IP address.
>What are the benefits and scenarios of using Stub zones?
Understanding stub zones
A stub zone is a copy of a zone that contains only those resource records necessary to identify the authoritative Domain Name System (DNS) servers for that zone.
A stub zone is used to resolve names between separate DNS namespaces. This type of resolution may be necessary when a corporate merger requires that the DNS servers for two separate DNS namespaces resolve names for clients in both namespaces.
A stub zone consists of:
-The start of authority (SOA) resource record, name server (NS) resource records, and the glue A resource records for the delegated zone.
The IP address of one or more master servers that can be used to update the stub zone. The master servers for a stub zone are one or more DNS servers authoritative for the child zone, usually the DNS server hosting the primary zone for the delegated domain name.
Use stub zones to:
Keep delegated zone information current.
By updating a stub zone for one of its child zones regularly, the DNS server hosting both the parent zone and the stub zone will maintain a current list of authoritative DNS servers for the child zone.
-Improve name resolution.
Stub zones enable a DNS server to perform recursion using the stub zone's list of name servers without needing to query the Internet or internal root server for the DNS namespace.
- Simplify DNS administration.
By using stub zones throughout your DNS infrastructure, you can distribute a list of the authoritative DNS servers for a zone without using secondary zones. However, stub zones do not serve the same purpose as secondary zones and are not an alternative when considering redundancy and load sharing.
There are two lists of DNS servers involved in the loading and maintenance of a stub zone:
- The list of master servers from which the DNS server loads and updates a stub zone. A master server may be a primary or secondary DNS server for the zone. In both cases, it will have a complete list of the DNS servers for the zone.
- The list of the authoritative DNS servers for a zone. This list is contained in the stub zone using name server (NS) resource records. When a DNS server loads a stub zone, such as widgets.example.com, it queries the master servers, which can be in different locations, for the necessary resource records of the authoritative servers for the zone widgets.example.com. The list of master servers may contain a single server or multiple servers and can be changed anytime.
> What is New in DNS in Windows Server 2008 R2 ?
The following changes are available in DNS server in Windows Server 2008 R2.
1. Ability to sign a zone and host signed zones.
2. Support for changes to the DNSSEC protocol.
3. Support for DNSKEY, RRSIG, NSEC, and DS resource records.
> New dns features in windows server 2012 R2 ?
Windows Server 2012 R2, DNS Server offers enhanced support in the following areas.
1. DNS Logging and Diagnostics:-
Enhanced DNS logging and diagnostics in Windows Server 2012 R2 and later includes DNS Audit events and DNS Analytic events. Enhanced logging enables monitoring of all DNS query, response, and operational transactions.
2. Zone-level statistics:-
Zone level statistics are available for different resource record types, zone transfers, and dynamic updates.
3. DNSSEC support:-
DNSSSEC key management and support for signed file-backed zones is improved.
4. Windows PowerShell :-
New Windows PowerShell parameters are available for DNS Server.